21 March 2018

Jewish Almanac for Greater Romania for the Year 5683 (1922-23)

1. Dr. Solomon Kassner, Czernowitz: Die Juden in Großrumänien. In den alipierten Provinzen. [17-22]
2. Dr. J. I. Niemirower, mare rabin, București: Probleme evreești, Soluțiuni evreești. [22-26]
3. Karl Klüger, Czernowitz: Mykola. [22-29]
4. Prof. Juliusz Wolfsohn, Wien: Jüdische Musik. [29-32]
5. Dr. Benjamin Fuchs, Czernowitz: Ghettogäßchen. [32]
6. Prof. Dr. Manfred Reifer, Czernowitz: Quellen zur Geschichte der Juden Großrumäniens. [33-38]
7. R. Markus, Jerusalem: Tagebuch einer Palästinafahrt. (Von Czernowitz nach Jerusalem.) [38-47]
8. Dr. Mayer Ebner, Czernowitz: "Ich bin Jude“. [48-51]
9. Dr. Moritz Oberländer, Czernowitz: Die Juden in Großrumänien und der Minoritätenschutz. [51-54]
10. Dr. Markus Krämer, Czernowitz: Das ewige Martyrium. Kleine Bilder der großen Zerstörung. [54-65]
11. Dr. Moritz Rosenheck, Czernowitz: Der Anteil der Juden am Wirtschaftsleben in der Bukowina. [66-69]
12. Dr. Z. F. Finkelstein, Wien: Herzl's Mutter. [69-74]
13. Julius Weber, Czernowitz: Der Journalist. (Ein Essay.) [74-80]
14. Martha Kern, Czernowitz: Ein jüdischer Malerpoet. [80-90]
15. Dr. Max Diamant, Czernowitz: Vom Völkerbunde. [91-95]
16. Dr. Emil Margulies (Kongreßanwalt d. zion. Weltorganisation), Leitmeritz: Das Palästinamandat in seiner juristischen Bedeutung. [95-107]
17. A. Axelrad, București: Lădița cu necazuri. Noi. [107-108]
18. Oberrabbiner Moses Glasner, Cluj: Der Zweck heiligt die Mittel. [108-110]
19. Max Brod, Prag: Glaube und Ritus. Elegie an die abgefallenen Juden. [110-115]
20. Dr. Salomon Kinsbrunner, Czernowitz: Von der Notwendigkeit u. der Bedeutung des modernen Bibelstudiums. [117-121]
21. Dr. M. Soloveitschik, Minister f. jüd. Angelengenheiten, Kowno (Litauen): Die Voraussetzungen der jüdischen nationalen Autonomie in Litauen. [121-125]
22. Adolf Bernhardt, București: Die industriellen Möglichkeiten Palästinas. [125-127]
23. Prof. Emil Zappler, Czernowitz: Drei Maler: Artur Kolnik, Salomon Lerner und Jacob Einsenscheer. [127-134]
24. Rettet die hungernden jüdischen Kinder in Rußland! Aufruf der Exekutive der jüdischen Welthilfs-Konferenz (Paris, 10 Place Eduard VII). [134-136]
25. M. Schweig, București: Evreii în presa română. [137-139]
26. Otto Abeles, Wien: Gewalt! Herbstgang. Geburtstag. Begegnung. Chanuka. [140-142]


Dr. Markus Krämer (27.10.1887 – 02.06.1964), President of the Local Commitee of the General Zionists, lawyer, local council, Deputy Party Chairman of the Jewish Party for the Bukovina, member of the student’s corporation J.N.A.V. Zephirah in Czernowitz.

26 February 2018

Bukowiner / Czernowitzer Deutsch • Bukovinian German / The German Idiom of Czernowitz


"Czernowitzer-Deutsch": The German Idiom of Czernowitz […] The main source of reference is still the highly didactic booklet published by Theodor Gartner in 1901, "Bukowiner Deutsch. Fehler und Eigenthümlichkeiten in der deutschen Verkehrs- und Schriftsprache der Bukowina." As immediately apparent from the title, the booklet adopts a highly critical puristic stance toward the unique characteristics of the idiom, not a scientific one by today's standards. […] Three main factors determine the unique characteristics of the German language in the Bukovina: (1) Geographically, its status as a 'language island' detached from the German mainland; (2) Dialectologically, its Standard German origin in the official Austrian language (Amtssprache) and its colloquial origin in the south-German dialect region; (3) The polyglot surrounding environment. […] After all, when a Jew from Czernowitz was talking in German, his interlocutor was probably a Jew as well. If both sides to such a conversation combined many Yiddishisms in their speech, then that speech was to become the standard bearer of the local idiom. This paradox explains the existence of two different endonyms for the local German idiom: Buko-Wienerisch represents the outwardly-looking aspirations of the Jewish bourgeoisie to form a language in the image of their cultural Mecca, Vienna; Ki(e)geldeutsch, conversely, represents an inwardly-looking, more realistic but also more reconciling appreciation of that inner-Jewish idiom. (Ohad Kohn: A German-Yiddish Mayse: The Influence of Yiddish on the Poetic Language of Paul Celan • Thesis for Master’s degree in German Language and Literature, Jerusalem, February 24, 2016)


Ruth Glasberg Gold: "A brief introduction to the following subject of 'Das Czernowitzer Deutsch.' By sheer serendipity I stumbled upon a rare treasure. A few yellowed and typewriter-written pages with lots of crossed out sentences and words, as well as handwritten additions. These pages were given to me by Dr. Emanuel Hacken (deceased) during an international gathering of Czernowitzians in Miami in the winter of 1990. Thinking that it might be of interest to our members [Ehpes Czernowitz-L Discussion Group], I took it upon myself to retype the text into a clean version and share it with you. I hope you will enjoy and laugh a little."

Courtesy: Google Books & Ruth Glasberg Gold

14 January 2018

"Californian" Colonists versus Local Profiteers? • The Competition for Jewish Property During the Economic Colonization of Bukovina, 1941-1943


USHMM: Ștefan Cristian Ionescu holds a PhD from Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts. As the Judith B. and Burton P. Resnick Postdoctoral Fellow, Dr. Ionescu will be conducting research for his project entitled “Restitution of Jewish and Roma Property in Post-Holocaust Romania, 1944-1950”. Mr. Ionescu is fluent in English and Romanian. He has speaking and reading abilities in French, Spanish, and Italian. He can also read German. Mr. Ionescu has written extensively on Romania and the Holocaust including his monograph Jewish Resistance to Romanization, 1940-1944 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian, 2015). His forthcoming article, entitled "'Californian' Colonists versus Local Profiteers? The Competition for Jewish Property During the Economic Colonization of Bukovina, 1941-1943," will be published in Yad Vashem Studies, Vol. 44-2 (December 2016).


12 December 2017

Studying the Land, Contesting the Land: A Select Historiographic Guide to Modern Bukovina


Abstract: This guide surveys the historiography of Bukovina, a region adjacent to the slopes of the outer, eastern Carpathians in East Central Europe. This work is intended as an introductory guide to the historical literature on Bukovina, which is voluminous but not easily accessible to readers who are not familiar with Eastern European languages. Another purpose of this guide is to demonstrate how historiography became a tool for political and cultural controversy in a borderland region. The discourse about Bukovina’s past, or rather the multiple controversial interpretations that tend to ignore each other, suggest that ideas of nationalism and territoriality, which have provided the major framework for conceptualizing of Europe’s past and present since the late eighteenth century, continue to dominate historical writings about the region. A (linguistically equipped) student of Bukovina would be looking at a large variety of general studies and an even more striking number of period- and theme-specific studies, published at different times and in various places. The naive researcher might be surprised to find quite divergent stories about the same region: many historical studies of Bukovina illustrate what might be called the borderland syndrome of contesting shared land-different ethnic communities produce quite separate historical narratives.

Courtesy: The Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies

01 November 2017

Hitler's Forgotten Ally • Ion Antonescu and His Regime, Romania 1940-44


Palgrave McMillan: This book is the first complete study in English of Antonescu's part in the Second World War. Antonescu was a major ally of Hitler and Romania fielded the third largest Axis army, joined the Tripartite Pact in November 1940 as a sovereign state and participated in the attack on the Soviet Union of 22 June 1941 as an equal partner of Germany.

Dr. Dennis Deletant is Professor of Romanian Studies at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College, London, UK, and at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (on secondment). He is the author of several volumes of studies on the recent history of Romania. In 1995 he was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire for his contribution to the development of British-Romanian relations.

Courtesy: ResearchGate

15 October 2017

Lost Childhood • Verlorene Kindheit • Copilărie pierdută



Introduction [10]
Project Description [16]
Jews in Radautz [20]

Aron Ashkenazy [38]
Arthur Klinghoffer [50]
Eita Abramovitch [62]
Erika Feiler, née Weinstein [70]

Bondy Stenzler [100]
Edgar Hauster [120]

Courtesy: Europaschule Rövershagen • Projektgruppe "Kriegsgräber"

29 September 2017

About my Family / Autobiographical Fragments • Despre familia mea / Fragmente autobiografice

Osias Stenzler's Credo: "God blessed me with a long life, celebrating in Radauti between friends, 95 years of life and I hope the divinity will give me some more time (my grandfather reached a hundred years). I let my followers the confession of my work, saying that each of us must put the shoulder, if we want the society to move in the desired direction for us. Of course the road is not easy, it is done with sacrifices and offerings…."


"The Osias 'Shike' Stenzler Radautz Booklet" is a unique document compiled by Osias Stenzler over about three decades until his death in the year 2008 at the age of 99 years. His memory, unlike his eyesight, never faded, even at an advanced age. After the loss of vision, Osias’ sons Daniel and Bondy kept his records from dictation and so we have the rare opportunity to discover a real treasure chest making alive the Jewish life in post WW2 Radautz. The booklet is headlined "Occupations and Professions Practiced by the Jewish Population of Radautz", but beyond the long list of names it contains authentic notes and remarks on the Radautz Jewish community.

Courtesy: Bondy Stenzler